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Glossary: here the words are collected that in the
Vahinis at this site are explained by Sai Baba, complemented with
glossaries from Bhagavad Gîtâ and S'rîmad
- Abhaya Mudra (pose): Symbol
procuring security, 'pose' (fear not) (BV-24), the pose that indicates that one need have no fear (BV-44).
The Forest where there is no Fear (SSS-II)
The period victory - the time when Râma was
Father of emperor Parîkchit.
surprise gift (SSS-III)
- Âcârya: bona fide, controllable,
refutable, selfrealized, spiritual teacher (guru) who instructs by
example representing the paramparâ.
The Infallible Lord (Krishna), a name of the Supreme
Personality of Godhead, who can never fall down from His position.
(literally: someone who never falls); the Infallible One, said of
unprecedented (SSS-III) Adbhuta: wonderment, amazement or
bewilderment as an indirect rasa: (literal: taste, state of
love, relation, mood, emotion, mellow): ecstatic emotional relation
with Krishna; relation of the Lord with the living beings).
a name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vishnu or the
Vishnu-avatâra, as being situated above and beyond the senses and
who is not perceivable by impure, material senses.
From being the personality in possession of his senses [adhyatmika]
He is as well the controlling deity [adhidaivika] as the person
separate therefrom perceived as an other embodied living being [adhibhhautika].
The individual person possessing different instruments of senses is
called the adhyatmic person, and the individual controlling deity of
the senses is called adhidaivic. The embodiment seen on the eyeballs is
called the adhibhautic person. [SB 2:10-8]
- Adi-sesha (also Sesha): Divine serpent with a
thousand heads upon which the earth rests; used by demi-gods and demons
together to churn the ocean of milk. Also reposing bed of Vishnu. Also:
Sesha-nâga of Ananta-sesha: the snake-bed of Garbhodakasâyi
- Adv(w)aita: A-dwaitha is the awareness of the
One in full measure, in all things, at all times. (SSS-II) Without duality, which means with regard
to the Lord that there is no difference between His body and
The Bliss of being One and Only. (BV-31)
Prabhu: An incarnation of Lord Vishnu who is a principal associate
of another incarnation, Lord S'rî Caitanya Mahâprabhu.
- Agastya: Sage visited by Râma,
Sîtâ and Lakshmana while in the Dandaka forest (RRV2-1)
A fire-arrow used by Râma to 'destroy' the
darkness which was caused by the Rakshasas Akampa and Athikaya through
their magical skill (RRV2-8a)
- Agni: God of Fire (RRV2-3a), the subtle divine effulgence and illumination which is
the core of fire (RRV-4a)
Fire weapon (RRV-6b).
- Ahamkâra (Ahankâra): Ego,
ego(ism). (SSS-III) False ego derived from
being identified with the body is the seat of fear. In the behavioral
science of psychology often called neurotic, viz, spiritually
ineffective, because of being estranged from the True Self or
self-ideal (Krishna). Also commonly called simply ego. One cures from
the neurosis of false identification by restoring the priority of the
regulative principles defining the humanity (vidhi: (of vidha, to get
in order) regulative principles: no meat eating (see e.g. SB 10.1: 4),
no illicit sex no intoxication or gambling) or, in other words, by
accepting the authority of Krishna and His representatives.
Satyabhodaka: I am the teacher of truth (SSS-IV)
The Ocean of Mercy that saves without any reason or context (SSS-II)
Another son of Râvana living in the nether regions (RRV2-9)
Oneness with God, union of the individual soul (jîva) with God.
authority derived from power (SSS-III)
a name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is unborn.
a fallen brâhmana who was saved from hell by unintentionally
chanting the Lord's name at the time of death.
- Ajnana: To speak of it (the one) as different
is to reveal one's ignorance (BV-1), (BV-36), (BV).
- Akhand Bhajan: Singing the Names
of God continuously for 12 or 24 hours.
- Akas(h)a: Ether, space, one of the five
elements of nature. (BV-33). The sky or Akasa
is the fifth elemental force, characterized by sound; sound is the
symbol for Brahmam, known as Sabda Brahmam (RRV2-2)
Name of the quiver of arrows of the Supreme Lord.
An akshauhini consists of 109350 footsoldiers,
65610 horses and horsemen, 21870 elephants and elephant warriors, and
21870 chariots and their human equipment. (BV-24)
Parabrahma: Imperishable Absolute. (BV-33)
A vessel, whose contents will remain undiminished,
however much they are used up, given by Krishna to the Pândavas
in exile. (BV-22) (see also Sai Baba and the Nara
Nârâyan Gufa Ashram)
one of Svâyambhuva Manu's three daughters
and the wife of Ruci.
Mahârâja: a great devotee king who perfectly executed
all nine devotional practices (hearing, chanting, etc.).
- Amrith: Immortality, immortality-granting
Nectar (BV-36), Nectar, oily liquid with a
sweet smell and flavour (RRV-7b) (RRV-7c), (SSS-II)
Day: In the very first week of 1963, on the 6th January to be
exact, the Vaikunta Ekadasi had to be celebrated, according to the
Calendar. Baba's Calendar marks out that Day as Amrithodbhavam Day,
when Divine Nectar emanates from His Hand (SSS-II)
- Amsa: Part. The Lord incarnates in countless
ways; He comes as an Inner inspirer for some definite purpose: an
Amsa-avathar. (see also Kalâ en Yugavathar), (BV-30), (BV-36).
- Ananda: Bliss; blissful nature (BV-38). Perpetual state of supreme bliss (SSS-III)
- Ananta-Sesa: the thousand-headed serpent
incarnation of the Lord, who sustains the planets on His hoods.
Vai Vedaah: The Vedas are endless (LKV).
- Anarthas: (non-goals) unwanted quality,
divided in six: kâma: lust, krodha: anger, lobha: possessiveness,
mada: pride, mâtsarya: envy and moha: delusion.
The vow of "non-acceptance of food". (RRV-2)
A consort of Sage Athri (RRV2-1)
Anandam: "beauty is bliss" (SSS-I).
- Anga: Limb, part (RRV-6b).
Mahârâja: the father of King Vena.
- Angada: Son of Vali (RRV-4b)
Men's wear, cloths slung over the shoulder with
borders of zari (brocade). (SSS-IV)
one of the seven great sages who were born directly from Lord
- Aniruddha: Krishna's grandson, Lord
(Krishna's expansion); one of the four original expansions of Lord
Krishna in the spiritual world. (BV-14).
Aniruddha, the son of Pradyumna who was the son of Krishna, was enticed
by the daughter of Bânâsura into illicit sex, upon which a
war followed in which Bâna was defeated (see S.B.
(Hanuman): Monkey warrior who became Rama's devoted friend and
servant. (RRV2-4a), also called "Sun of the Wind-God Vayu" (RRV-5a)
the Goddess of Plenty, who confers food on all Her
children; Anna, the food, which she gives. Poorna, to the full, is not
only for the Body; Anna means 'intake,' through the mouth, the senses,
the brain, the nerves. So, this Goddess will grant sustenance for the
body, the mind and the spirit (SSS-III)
- Anna-prâsana: ritual at which a
child for the first time receives solid food. One of the ten samskâra's
Vijitâsva, a son of King Prthu.
He who lays down the law, the norms (SSS-II)
Vidya: Secular sciences. (RRV-5)
- Apsara: Celestial women of the heavenly planets.
bap tho, apula bap": "Our father alone is our father" (SSS-II)
- Arat(h)i: A ceremony for greeting the Lord with
chanting and offerings of food, lamps, fans, flowers and incense.
the wife of King Prthu.
half the body (RRV-11b).
Offering of water.
- Arjuna: [Phâlgunah, another name for
Arjuna, meaning 'One who is pure and unsullied, white'] Son of queen
Kuntî and King Pându. Friend and cousin of Krishna. One of
the five Pândava brothers; Krishna became his chariot driver and
spoke to him the Bhagavad Gîtâ. [see The Bhagavad
Gîtâ of Order] also Vijaya, another name for Arjuna.
Also Bîbhatsa: 'the revolting one', a name of Arjuna as he who
puts to flight, drives back the enemy.
The pulls of lust, anger, greed, delusion, pride and hate (DharmaV).
- Artha: Welfare, prosperity; one of the four
goals of human life together with Dharma, Kama, Moksha (Righteousness,
Endeavour and Liberation) (RRV-5), (LKV). Welfare, prosperity; one of
the Four Goals of Human Life together with Dharma, Kama, Moksha
(Righteousness, Endeavour and Liberation (RRV-5), (LKV).
the demigod in charge of Pitriloka, the planet where qualified departed
- Asana: "Seat; posture." In hatha yoga, asana
refers to any of numerous poses prescribed to balance and tune up the
subtle energies of mind and body for meditation and to promote health
and longevity. Examples are the shoulder-stand (sarvangasana, "whole
body pose") and the lotus pose (padmasana). Each asana possesses unique
benefits, affecting the varied inner bodies and releasing energies in
different parts of the nervous system. While the physical science of
hatha yoga can dramatically influence health and general well-being, it
is primarily a preparation for the deeper yogas and meditations.
- Ashtagrahakota: or conjunction of eight
planetary bodies (SSS-II)
Sai) Ashtottarashata Nama Ratnamala: A chain of gems being the 108 names of Sathya Sai Baba. (SSS-II)
an ancient authority on the Vedas.
A tree bearing beautiful red flowers. Sîtâ (Lord
Râma's wife) was held in a grove of ashoka trees by Râvana.
The tree is considered sacred to Lord S'iva. Also the Champaka
and Kesara trees.
- Asokavana: Garden in Lanka where
Sîtâ was kept by Râvana (RRV-5b)
- Association, six methods: The six
methods of association are to go to an assembly of devotees, to invite
devotees into one's home, to discuss and hear devotional topics, to
take the mahâ-prasada of devotees and to offer mahâ-prasada
to devotees. [see also: six positive
S'iva, a special incarnation who is in charge of the mode of ignorance
and the destruction of the material manifestation.
- Asraya: the final aspect dealt with in
Purânas. It means, the help, the support, the prop.; one of the
ten characteristics of the Purâna's (BV-34), Support (RRV-7a).
- Astânga yoga: Eight aspects of
yoga described by Patanjali as follows: yama (restraints
on behavior), niyama (spiritual observances), âsana (seat,
posture, practice of postures), prânâyâma (expansion
of vital energy through control of breath), pratyâhâra (
withdrawal of the senses), dhâranâ (concentration),
dhyâna (meditation), samâdhi (complete absorption)
- Asuras: Demons, evil-minded (RRV-30), (BV-43), (BV-44), (RRV-11a). (lit.: not from Surya, the
sungod) a demon, somebody who goes against the rules, somebody of
the nefarious son of the great military teacher Dronâcârya
who murdered the children of the Pândavas.
- As'vamedha-(yajña): Horse sacrifice (BV-4), (BV-5), (RRV-7a).
- A Vedic horse sacrifice; At the end of life or a period of
government of a king, a horse with a plaque around his neck is sent out
into the kingdom accompanied by an army; Anyone who challenges the
honor of the king will be disputed.
- Method to separate from wordly detachment and status.
Twin Gods (RRV-7b) (They represent heaven and
earth, sun and moon, also day and night; they are eternally young and
beautiful and benefactors of mankind, (RRV-7b)).
Traditional ceremonial rites which purify and
clarify the intellect. (BV-31)
- Athi Rudra Maha Yajnam: Athi Rudra
Maha Yajnam is a very important form of worship of Lord Siva, the very
source of cosmic energy for the entire creation. His Divine form
encompasses and extends far beyond all known and unknown galaxies and
universes. Lord Siva is omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent. He is
the conqueror of Death and an embodiment of infinite mercy, compassion
and love. We who owe our existence to the Divinity are duty bound to
think of Him constantly and worship Him gratefully for the welfare of
Lord Siva (see also Punya Theertham) is worshipped
traditionally in the form of Linga &endash; resembling the replica
of Brahmanda. Abhisheka is the ritual dearest to His heart.
Sage Satapatha in his treatise "Maharnava Karma Vipaka" listed four
types of Abhisheka procedures compatible with Vedic and scriptural
lore. Those are Rudram, Ekadasa Rudram, Maha Rudram and Ati Rudram
&endash; each being more potent than the preceding one. Of these,
the most potent form of Ati Rudram involves 14641 Rudrams (Rudram is a
combination of Namakam and Chamakam given in Rudradhyayam in the 5th
Prapathakam of the 4th Kanda of Krishna Yajur Veda Samhita). Namaka
recited once along with recital of Chamaka once constitutes one Rudram.
Recital of 11 Namakas along with one Anuvaka of Chamaka at the end of
each Namaka, thus completing one Chamaka constitutes Ekadasa Rudram.
Recital of 11 Ekadasa Rudrams is Laghu Rudram or Rudraikadasini.
Recital of 11 Laghu Rudrams is one Maha Rudram. Recital of 11 Maha
Rudrams is one Ati Rudram. Therefore, in Ati Rudram 14641 Rudrams
include 14641 Namakams and 1331 Chamakams. Simultaneously with
Rudrabhisheka, Rudra Homas are conducted by 121 priests well versed in
Vedic rituals in 11 Homa Kundas erected for the purpose. A Linga is
being installed especially for the purpose of conducting Rudrabhishekam
daily. Side by side the Rudra Parayanas and Rudra Homas, other related
rituals such as Sri Sai Gayatri Homas, Lingabhisheka Poojas,
Kramarchana Parayanas and Tarpanas will also be performed. This Maha
Yajna is being performed for Loka Kalyana and good of all mankind as
well as to ensure universal peace and prosperity. [dates of the Athi
Rudra Maha Yajnam held in Puttaparthi 9-20 August 2006; in Chennai:
19-30 January 2007.]
Minister of Râvana (RRV2-6b)
- Âtma(n): Inner Reality (BV-1),
(BV-36), (BV). Soul, but also: body, spirit,
senses. End of the I-illusion; Self-remembrance in unity with Krishna. Atma:
(SSS-II & Dhyana Vahini) "the Sun of Suns, the Effulgence of
Effulgences; it is the Supreme Light, the Swayamjyothi, the
Self-effulgent". Atma: Unconquerable, indestructible,
unlimited, the Existence-Knowledge-Bliss-wave of the ocean that is God (SSS-III)
Embodiment of Atma (SSS-III)
- Atri Muni: A great Sage among the demigods
and the father of the incarnation Dattâtreya (RRV-7c)
- AUM: Om; Designation of the Universal Brahman;
sacred, primordial sound of the universe.
The superimposition on the
eternal of the temporary, on the rope of the snake, on the noonday
desert of the gleaming lake, on the mother-of-pearl of silver, on the
Sarvam-Brahma Mayam (Brahman that is the real Reality of the Universe)
of the multiform, multicolored, distracting, changing world. (SSS-III)
anubhokthavyam, krtham Karma subhaasubham: Good or bad, whatever
karma has been done, its consequences have to be willy-nilly suffered
or enjoyed (RRV-7c)
- Avathâr(a): The principle of -
or the Descent of God on earth, the Incarnation of the Formless with
Form, for the uplift of beings - this is the basic fact that makes the Bhagavatha
authentic; Form Incarnate. Special manifestation of God on Earth. (BV-1) (BV) When He comes down assuming
special form on special occasions for a specific purpose, He is known
as Avathâra.....so, we can assert that the saints, sages,
ascetics and men both good and bad, are all Avathâras of the
Vishnu Entity. (see also Kalâ, Amsa en Yugavathar). (BV-30). It would appear as if you get more inspiration from one
Avathar than another. But, all are equally Divine and mysterious. The
manifestation is suited to the time, the task, the circumstance and the
need; its form is in accordance with the purpose. (BV- 34) (SSS-III)
- Avidya klesha: ignorance, lack of
spiritual knowledge, the root cause of all afflictions
- Avidyamaya: The Maya named Avidya
is very vicious; she causes boundless misery. Those drawn by it will
sink into the depths of flux, the eternal tangle of joy and grief (RRV2-2) (SSS-III)
- Ayodhya: Capital city of Kosala which was
ruled by Dasaratha, later by Râma.