Glossary: here the words are collected that in the Vahinis at this site are explained by Sai Baba, complemented with glossaries from Bhagavad Gîtâ and S'rîmad Bhâgavatam

 

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M

 

  • Madana Mohana: Krishna as the Personification of Captivating Charm. (BV-31)
  • Mâdhava: 'the sweet Lord'; God, the Lord of the Universe (BV-31), God (BV-42) The Lord of Laksmi, another name for Krishna.
  • Madhavathwa: Divinity. (BV-1)
  • Madhu: One of the demons born from the ear-wax of Vishnu; brother of Kaitabha and father of Lavana.
  • Madhumaya: sweet in memory (SSS-III)
  • Mâgha: January-February
  • Maghavan: 'Honor of Wealth', King Indra (SB, C6:7-23)
  • Mahâbhârata: Epic of the battle of the aristocrats in the Vedic culture during the pastimes of Krishna, out of which the Gîtâ has been taken.
  • Mahakali: The facet of Power as anger, vengeance, adventure, audacity, the thamasic nature (SSS-III)
  • Mahalakshmi: The facet of Power as wealth, authority, imperium, prosperity, the rajasic nature (SSS-III)
  • Mahaprasthanam: The big journey; religious mendicancy, (BV-14), (Bhagavatha Vahini).
  • Mahâprabhu: Great Master, name of Lord Caitanya.
  • Mahapurusha: The great seer, the soul. (BV-33)
  • Maharatha: A warrior capable of contending with ten thousand other warriors.
  • Mahasamadhi:  (1) the conscious departure from the physical body of a realized soul but also (2) the shrine where the physical body is buried.
  • Mahasaraswathi: Power as self-control, vision, value, validity, knowledge, keenness, discipline, justice, aspiration, adoration, the sathwic nature (SSS-III)
  • Mahasivarathri: A holy day dedicated to the Worship of Siva (SSS-II) The Linga is a 'mark' or 'symbol' representing the merging of the particular in the universal, the dissolution of the mind (with its agitations, aspirations and accomplishments that attach and adhere) in the Atma-awareness. The wise realize that the mind and the vast phantasmagoria that it weaves are all subsumed in the Linga, in the beginningless endless ocean of existence-knowledge-bliss. 
  • Mahavira: A name for prince Vardhamana, the founder of Jainism, which means: great hero. He is also called Jina and Siddha Buddha.
  • Mahâyuga: Period of four yuga's, called: Satya, Tretâ, Dvâpara, Kali, together lasting 4.32 million years or 1/1000 day of Brahmâ. 
  • Mahendra: 'the great Indra' (SB C6:7-40)
  • Maheswara: A name for Visnu and Shiva, which means: Supreme God (SSS-II)
  • Mahima's: Miracles, glories (of Baba); an expression, a manifestation of divine glory.(SSS-II) (SSS-III).
  • Makaradhwaja: The guard in monkey form of the city of Ahi-ravana in Patala at the Nether Regions (RRV2-9)
  • Makara Sankranthi: the day of the tropic of Capricorn, when the divine half of the year begins, with the northward movement of the sun in the northern hemisphere. (SSS-III)
  • Mala: Contamination (RRV-6b). Mala is the dirt of vice, wickedness and looseness. (SSS-III)
  • Mallika: Jasmin flowers.
  • Mallikarjuna: Arjuna means white, pure, without blemish; mallika means the spotlessly white jasmine flower. So, Mallikarjuna is Siva of the snowy peak Kailasa; pure, cool, resplendent with the sacred ash spread all over. (SSS-II)
  • Malyavantha: An old and revered Minister of Ravana (RRV2-6b)
  • 'Mana eva manushyanam karanam bandha mokshayoh': The mind which welcomes the delusion or which entertains the idea of the Reality is therefore the instrument, for both bondage and liberation (Statement of the Sruthi) (BV-42).
  • Manana: Meditation on the inner meaning. (RRV-2)
  • Manas(a): The spirit or the thinking, which can be liberated through a mantra. 
  • Mânasa Putra: Nârada Muni, "mental son" of Brahma. (RRV-2)
  • Manasa-sanchara: Mental trip (SSS-III)
  • Manasa-sarovaram: The Lake of your Inner Consciousness, the Lake of your mind, (BV-1),(RRV-1), (RRV-6b).
  • Manava: Man (SSS-III)
  • Mandavi: Wife of Bharatha, Daughter of Kusadhwaja (brother of Maharaja Janaka) (RRV-7d).
  • Mandodari: Name of the Queen of King Ravana, (mother of Meghanada) ruler of Lanka (RRV2-6b).
  • Mangala Day: The day (a Tuesday) when Hanuman brought the good news to Sita of Rama's victory over Ravana; the day that brought Mangala or auspiciousness and joy. A day to be held sacred, more than the other days of the week,  to adore Hanuman specially on this day, the bringer of the good news.  (RRV2-10)
  • Mangalasutra: Auspicious thread worn by married women (SSS-IV)
  • Mangalyam: Married status; Draupadi prayed for it when Durvasa visited her with his disciples. (BV-22)
  • Mangalamayi: promoting the happiness and welfare of mankind (SSS-III)
  • Manmatha: God of Love (RRV-6b) (RRV2-12a)
  • Manoharini: overpowering the mind and turning it to truth, beauty and goodness. (SSS-III)
  • Manovaak-kaaya: Recitation of the Name of God with full vigilance of thought, feeling and utterance. (BV-31)
  • Mantap: A commemorative structure (RRV2-13a)
  • Mathanga (Rshi): He predicted the arrival of Rama in the forest to Sabari, (RRV2-3b),  sage, it is he who cursed Vali (RRV2-4a)
  • Manthara: Maid servant who convinced Kaikeyi to have Rama exiled and make Bharatha king (RRV-10a).
  • Mantra: Mystic formulae; chanting the holy names of God (RRV-6b) meditation on a meaningful mystic formula (SSS-III)
  • Manu: impersonation of Krishna as the ruler, father and legislator of humanity. There are fourteen of them for each day of Brahmâ or kalpa 308.6 millions of years ruling. Present Manu, the seventh: Srâddhadeva (also called Vaivasvata see further image)
    - Writer of the Manu-samhitâ.
    - The first earthly creature created from Brahmâ
    - The fourteen Manu's appearing in one day of Brahmâ are: (1) Svâyambhuva, (2) Svârocisa, (3) Uttama, (4) Tâmasa, (5) Raivata, (6) Câksusa, (7) Vaivasvata, (8) Sâvarni, (9) Daksa-sâvarni, (10) Brahma-sâvarni, (11) Dharma-sâvarni, (12) Rudra-sâvarni, (13) Deva-sâvarni and (14) Indra-sâvarni.
    One Body was transformed into two and therefore, where there was one Will formerly, two appeared, one which attracted and the other which was drawn towards creation, the feminine and the masculine. Since the one attracted in a hundred distinct ways it was called, Satharupa (hundred-facetted) and Beloved of Brahma (Brahmapriya). The other was named, Manu
    (BV-30), (RRV-10a).
  • Manvantharas: The Eras of Manu. (BV-32),  the Chronology of Manu, the story of the Manus and their lineage; one of the ten characteristics of the Purana's. (BV-34)
  • Markandeya: The story of Markandeya, who defied death and won immortality as a star in space (SSS-II) Markandeya: As a boy, he knew all the Vedas and Sastras; at 16, he started meditating on Shiva so steadfastly that the day of his death passed him by, and he remained 16 for the next 10 million years.
  • Maruthas: Wind-Gods (RRV-7b).
  • Matha: creed (SSS-IV)
  • Mathi: Mind (SSS-IV)
  • Mathr devo bhava: Treat the mother as God (RRV-5)
  • Mathr devo bhava, Pithr devo bhava: 'Let the mother be your God' and 'Let the father be your God' (RRV-11b). (SSS-II)
  • Mathura: The city where Krishna killed Kamsa, His original city of residence after Vrindâvana.
  • Maya: The tangle of ignorance, the veil of illusion, (BV-1), (RRV-1), power to delude, (RRV-4) delusion, (BV-32)  the Deluding Urge, the mother of all the worlds, (BV-33), taking the appearance as real (RRV-7b).
    - Avidyamaya: The Maya named Avidya is very vicious; she causes boundless misery. Those drawn by it will sink into the depths of flux, the eternal tangle of joy and grief
    (RRV2-2). 
    - Vidyamaya: The Maya known as Vidya has created the Cosmos, under the prompting of the Lord. For, she has no innate force of her own. Only while in the Presence of the Lord can she create the three-stranded Cosmos (Prapancha)
    (RRV2-2).
  • Me Anandame Na Aharam: "Your Ananda is what sustains Me" (SSS-III)
  • Mâyâdevî: See Durgâ
  • Meghanada: A general of Ravana, endowed with the power of adopting any form he likes (RRV2-6b)
  • Meru: the central, transcendental, mountain, the highest mountain where Lord Brahmâ resides. It lies in Ilavrta-varsa, the central area. Must be conceived holistically as the center of the spiritual and material world; thus, both as galactically as the center of the Milky Way, and spiritually as the highest goal attainable in contemplation and transcendence.
  • Mithila: Kingdom of Emperor Janaka, father of Sita (RRV-17c)
  • Mithya: So too, the world is a dream, unreal, illusory. It is Mithya. (RRV-14). Mixture of truth and falsehood; neither true nor untrue, but something in between. The world is not untrue a-sat (false, unreal, non-existent, bad) but mithya. (SSS-IV)
  • Moha: Delusion caused by false identification, infatuation. (BV-32) (GV-2)
  • Mohana: Charming, ecstacy; another name for Rama and Krishna.
  • Moksha: Ultimate release (BV-10), liberation from the cycle of birth and dead, (BV-33), Liberation; one of the Four Goals of Human Life together with Dharma, Artha, Kama (Righteousness, Welfare and Endeavour) (RRV-5), (BV-36).
  • Mrdanga: A drum made of clay or synthetic material, playable on two sides, used often during kîrtana.
  • (Hasta) Mudhras: Hand-gestures.
    Seven Mudhras of Sathya Sai Baba:
    1. First is the Abhaya Mudhra. It is the gesture of the raised right hand allaying fear and assuring protection to the devotees.
    2. Second is the Varadha Mudhra. It is the downward pointed right palm bestowing gifts and boons to the devotees.
    3. Third is the Anugraha Mudhra. It is the gesture of raising both hands indicating blessings for the progress and welfare of the mass of devotees. It may also be called 'Yoga Kshema Mudhra'.
    4. Fourth is the Srujana Mudhra. It is the gesture of the circular waving of the right palm pointed downwards for materialising spiritually charged articles (e.g. sacred ash).
    5. Fifth is the Thirodhana Mudhra. It is the gesture of circling the right palm in an outward direction driving away impurities or negativity in the surroundings. Alternatively, it may imply the dematerialization of articles created.
    6. Sixth is the Shakthipatha Mudhra. It is the gesture of placing the right palm on top of the head of a devotee for the descent or activation of his spiritual energy.
    7. Seventh is the Tharjani Mudhra. It is the gesture of writing in the air with the index finger, or holding up the hand with fingers extended. This may indicate communication with extra terrestrial forces. The significance of these mudhras is that they are for the welfare of the devotees. The descent of an Avathar is always for the enhancement of the spiritual life of people and for the promotion of the practice of Dharma (right conduct).
  • Muhurtha: A period of a few minutes [about an hour, edit.]. (BV-31)
  • Mukthi: It means the liberation of man, from the bonds of Ignorance, Ajnana, which keep him encased; one of the ten characteristics of the Purana's (BV-34), freedom from bondage (BV-39).
  • Mukunda: The Lord of Liberation, Krishna, Who grants liberation.
  • Mukuta: Crown (SSS-II)
  • Muni: Ascetic (RRV-13a)
  • Munikumar: The son of an ascetic. (BV-29)
  • Muralidhar: Idol of Krishna with His flute (murali) (SSS-II)