Glossary: here the words are collected that in the
Vahinis at this site are explained by Sai Baba, complemented with
glossaries from Bhagavad Gîtâ and S'rîmad
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Part, quarter, chapter
- Padma: A particular high number (1000 millions or
billions) (RRV-7a). Lotusflower.
Name of the conchshell of the Supreme Lord.
Five elements of the body: Akasa: ether; Vayu: air;
Agni: fire; Jala: water; Prithvi: earth (PrasV)
it was a sheet of alloy of five metals, gold, silver, copper, brass and
iron, the Panchaloha, out of which temple idols have to be
the five vital airs. (BV-10)
- Panchavati: Rama, Sita and Lakshmana's abode
in the forest (RRV2-1)
- Panduranga: A name for Vitthala, Vishnu and Krishna, which
means: the pure Lord and leader of the Pandava's. Under this name,
Krishna is adored in the city of Pandharpur, India. (SSS-II)
complete devotion, self-surrender (SSS-IV)
science of liberation. (RRV-5)
- Para-brahmam: the
Formless-Immanence-Transcendence. (BV-31) The Universal Oversoul, the Absolute, "Supreme (or
transcendent) God", a synonym for Nirguna Brahman, Absolute Reality,
beyond time, form and space (RRV2-10).
Entering into the body of some person (SSS-I).
- Param-jyothi: the Supreme Light (SSS-II), Param-jyothi, the higher splendor
of realization, merging his 'imagined self' into the Universal Self (SSS-III)
Dharma: Highest Principle of Righteousness (RRV-10b).
- Paramatma: The Absolute from which all this
has emanated, in which all this exists, into which all this merges. It
is the prop for achieving Liberation ( see also Moksha), (BV-34) (RRV2-2) Supreme soul, representing
Krishna personally in every heart as the silent witness and friend and
Who, if required, acts as the inner teacher.
The dynamic aspect of Divinity, the power that has elaborated God into
all this manifoldness, all this variety and all this beauty (SSS-II)
- Parasurâma: (Bhrigupati) Râma
with the axe - the sixth Avatar of Vishnu, who appeared to destroy the
tiranny of the warrior-caste (RRV-8). (SB
9-10:6-7) (SB 9-15) (SB 9-16)
- Pariksha/Parikshith: [see also Vedas] Vishnurâta [Parîkchit as being
Vishnu-sent]. Pariksha means the quest. Little Parikshith was always
looking in the face of people for something, a familiar trait or
Krishna. Therefore he was called Pariksha-shith: 'he who is engaged in
Parikshith/pariksha: finding out. (BV-17)
- Parnasala: 'thatch', straw hut of Rama, Sita
and Lakshmana (RRV-17b).
Parapedanam": To do good to others is merit. To
hurt and cause suffering to others is sin. (Discourses)
- Partha: "Son of Earth (Prithvee)"; also another
name for Arjuna.
- Parvathi: Wife of Lord Shiva (RRV-6b) (RRV-7c)
- Passions, six: The
those pertaining to words, the mind, anger, the
tongue, the stomach and the genitals. [see also: six faults]
- Pasupathi: The Lord of all Jivas, Pasu
meaning Jiva; Govinda means the Guardian of Cows or Jivas, "Go" meaning
- Pat(h)ala: One of the 7 regions under the earth;
the abode of Naga's or serpents and demons. [sometimes used as a
general name for the lower regions or hells] (See also SB, Canto 5: Chapter
- Patala(homa): Homa: "fire-offering". A
sacred ceremony in which the Gods are offered oblations through the
medium of fire in a sanctified fire pit (RRV-10)
- Patanjali: a great authority of the
astanga-yoga-system and author of the yoga-sûtras
Institutions of higher learning and hospitals (SSS-III)
- Pativrata: (chaste woman) is one who
considers her Pati (husband) as her very life and depends
entirely on him. A Pativrata is one who does not talk back to her
husband. There will not be even a little defect in her. She does not
have any selfish desires. All that she does is for the sake of her
husband. She would not even look at any male other than her husband.
Only such a woman can be called a true Pativrata. A Pativrata who
strictly obeys the command of her husband can do anything. If she
prepares food for her husband with saline water of the ocean, it will
be changed into sweet water. When the wife obeys the command of her
husband and the husband fulfils the desires of his wife, then the
future of the family will be safe and secure. (Source:
Convocation Discourse by Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba at Prasanthi
Nilayam on 22-11-2010)
A mixture of rice pudding, milk and sugar.
- peacockfeather Krishna: Lord Sri Krishna
used to wear a necklace of green beads; a nose ring of pearl, and in
His right ear, a ring of pearls. He wore no shirt or coat; just yellow
silk round His waist and a kerchief wound around the head, or rather
thrown carelessly round the head, one end this way and another end that
way. Bhagavan showed, the way, Krishna used to tie the turban)!The
peacock feather that is described by poets and sages was not always
worn. It was stuck into the turban occasionally. Of course, peacocks
abounded in Brindavana then, and are in plenty even today. On His bare
chest, there was a mole that could be clearly seen, an inevitable
mark of all Avatars, including Sai's. - Extract from the Book, SRI
SATHYA SAI ANANDADAAYI.
- Peddavenkappa Raju: Earthly father of
Sathya Sai Baba (Sathyanarayana) (SSS-II)
- Pipal: Tree, considered sacred both to Hindus and
Buddhists. It is also known as Bodhi tree because Lord Buddha attained
enlightenment under this tree. It's a very big tree which has roots,
which rise from the ground and then come back to the ground and appear
to be additional trunks.
- Pralâdha: Son of the demon king
Hiranyakashipu. As a boy, he was beaten, trampled, and cast into fire
and water. But, he saw only God everywhere, and repetition of the Name
saved him. Once, Pralâdha asserted that God was everywhere, and
Narayana appeared in his man-lion-form (Lord Nrsimhadeva) from within a
pillar to destroy the king. (SB: 7:8), (BG: 10,
Path of attachment.
- Prayag: Holy place at the meeting point of
Ganga, Yamuna, and the underground Sarasvathi rivers. Modern Allahabad
in the State of Utthar Pradesh. Bathing here would give great spiritual
- Payasam: offered (sacred) food (RRV-3), (RRV-4).
bhava: Treat the father as God. (RRV-5)
Fostering, Guarding, Preservation from Harm, one of
the ten characteristics of the Purana's. (BV-34)
- Pournima Day: Day dedicated to the worship of
the Spiritual preceptor (SSS-II)
- Prahlâda: 'The joy of understanding',
son of the asura ruler Hiranyakasipu but protected and saved by the
Lord; pupil of Nârada (see
also BG : 10-30]
higher illumination (SSS-III)
- Prakrthi: Nature. (RRV-5) (RRV2-1), Eternal Feminine (RRV2-1)
Creation and the Creator, Patent and Latent. (SSS-II)
- Prana: Lifebreath, the vital air.
- Pranâva (Omkâra): Recitation of Vedic
hymns (BV-28). The sound of God, identity
of Krishna being the transcendental sound AUM (OM), the primal mantra
- Prapancha: The Maya known as
created the Cosmos, under the prompting of the Lord. For, she has no
innate force of her own. Only while in the Presence of the Lord can she
create the three-stranded Cosmos (RRV2-2).
- Prarthana: Prayer
- Prasad(am): Satvic food, flowers, etc.,
offered to God. All the food one is eating should be first offered to
God; mercy, gift (SSS). Each proof of mercy of the
the mirror of the mind is soiled, it cannot perceive anything in its
true state. This is the reason why man is unable to recognise his own
true nature. Hence it is necessary to cleanse the mirror of impurities
on it. How is this to be done? By regulating one's food and
recreational habits. It is important to ensure that the food that is
eaten is obtained by righteous means. Many of the ills which people
suffer today are due to the fact that the things they consume have been
got by unrighteous means. So to purify your mind the first prerequisite
is pure food. But it may not always be possible to ensure purity in
every meal, in every respect and at all times. To overcome this
difficulty, make an offering of your meal to God and accept it as a
gift from God. Before eating, when food is offered to God, it becomes
Prasada (gift from God). All impurities in the
food are thereby
removed. This helps the process of cleansing the mind. This practice
must be kept up continuously." - – Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Divine
Discourse, May 25, 1990.
- Prasanthi Nilayam: "Abode of eternal
Peace"; the name of Baba's Asram (SSS-I) "Unshaken Peace" (SSS-II)
Darsana: the Darsan of God in concrete Form (SSS-III)
- Pravritti: Wordly activity (Sai-Discourses).
- Prema: Love. (BV-1), (BV-35), (GV).
Putras: Children fostered with (His) love (SSS-IV)
- Premaswarupa: Embodiment of pure Love.
- Premaswarupulara: 'Embodiments of
- Puja: Ritual worship, honoring the Lord, ritual
- Pulasthya: Son of Brahma, father of Vishravas, and grandfather of Ravana.
- Pumsavana vow: See for the description Srimad
Bhagavatam Canto 6, chapters 18 and 19.
bhava: "Again Become a Mouse." To this
Prabhupâda comments: 'There is an instructive story called punar
mûshiko bhava, "Again Become a Mouse." A mouse was very much
harassed by a cat, and therefore the mouse approached a saintly person
to request to become a cat. When the mouse became a cat, he was
harassed by a dog, and then when he became a dog, he was harassed by a
tiger. But when he became a tiger, he stared at the saintly person, and
when the saintly person asked him, "What do you want?" the tiger said,
"I want to eat you." Then the saintly person cursed him, saying, "May
you again become a mouse".' (SB
- Punya and Papa: merit and demerit (BV-10), (Punya) merit acquired by
means of good activity, (Papa) demerit acquired by means of evil
activity (BV-42), (BV).
- Punya Theertham: This beautiful picture was kept in a prominent
place in the left side, facing the stage in the Athi Rudra Maha Yagna Shala at Chennai on 19-30 January
2007, India. Lord Shiva is shown in the place of the Himalayas of an
Indian Map. Below there are several "Punya Nadhies" (sacred rivers).
Punya Theertha from various Punya Nadhies have been specially brought
for this Great Yagna. The individual vessels "Kumbhams, containing each
"Theertha" (sacred water) are placed exactly on the location of
each sacred river. On the last day of the yagna, Poorna Ahuthi will be
offered at Sacred Homa Kundas. After that there will be Kumbhabhishekam
to the "Shiva Linga". Kumbha Abhishekam is done with the water
kept in various Kalasas near the Homa Kundams, and then the sacred
water from various Punya Nadhies (sacred rivers) will be offered to the
Shiva Linga as a culmination of the
- Purânas: Legends, belonging to ancient
times, for example Srîmad Bhâgavatam (BV-33) (RRV-7c)
- Purana Purusha: The Primal Person. (BV-33)
- Purandara: Indra the monarch of the gods. (BV-31)
(poorna): Complete full
- Purusha: Eternal Masculine (RRV2-1)
- Purushartha's: The four ends of human
life, Righteousness, Prosperity, Affection and Liberation (RRV-7a).
- Purushottama: The Lord of all. (BV-3)
Second son of Bharatha (RRV2-14)
- Pushpaka: An aerial chariot (RRV2-10) Kubera's chariot, used by Rama to go home (RRV2-11)
- Puthana: the ogress that approached Krishna as
a Mother to feed Him at her breast. (BV-35)
- Puthrakameshti: The Yaga prescribed for
those desirous of begetting a son. (RRV-3)
- Puttaparthi: Name of the village in
South-India where Sathya Sai Baba was born.