Glossary: here the words are collected that in the Vahinis at this site are explained by Sai Baba, complemented with glossaries from Bhagavad Gîtâ and S'rîmad Bhâgavatam

 

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P

 

  • Pâda: Part, quarter, chapter
  • Padma: A particular high number (1000 millions or billions) (RRV-7a). Lotusflower.
  • Pâncajanya: Name of the conchshell of the Supreme Lord.
  • Panchabhuthas: Five elements of the body: Akasa: ether; Vayu: air; Agni: fire; Jala: water; Prithvi: earth (PrasV)
  • Panchaloha: it was a sheet of alloy of five metals, gold, silver, copper, brass and iron, the Panchaloha, out of which temple idols have to be made. (SSS-III
  • Panchaprana: the five vital airs. (BV-10)
  • Panchavati: Rama, Sita and Lakshmana's abode in the forest (RRV2-1)
  • Panduranga: A name for Vitthala, Vishnu and Krishna, which means: the pure Lord and leader of the Pandava's. Under this name, Krishna is adored in the city of Pandharpur, India. (SSS-II)
  • Para-bhakti: complete devotion, self-surrender (SSS-IV) 
  • Para-vidya: Teaching of the spiritual science of liberation. (RRV-5)
  • Para-brahmam: the Formless-Immanence-Transcendence. (BV-31) The Universal Oversoul, the Absolute, "Supreme (or transcendent) God", a synonym for Nirguna Brahman, Absolute Reality, beyond time, form and space (RRV2-10). 
  • Para-kayapravesam: Entering into the body of some person (SSS-I).
  • Param-jyothi: the Supreme Light (SSS-II), Param-jyothi, the higher splendor of realization, merging his 'imagined self' into the Universal Self (SSS-III)
  • Parama: Highest (RRV-10b).
  • Parama Dharma: Highest Principle of Righteousness (RRV-10b).
  • Paramatma: The Absolute from which all this has emanated, in which all this exists, into which all this merges. It is the prop for achieving Liberation ( see also Moksha), (BV-34) (RRV2-2) Supreme soul, representing Krishna personally in every heart as the silent witness and friend and Who, if required, acts as the inner teacher.  
  • Parasakthi: The dynamic aspect of Divinity, the power that has elaborated God into all this manifoldness, all this variety and all this beauty (SSS-II)
  • Parasurâma: (Bhrigupati) Râma with the axe - the sixth Avatar of Vishnu, who appeared to destroy the tiranny of the warrior-caste (RRV-8). (SB 9-10:6-7) (SB 9-15) (SB 9-16)
  • Pariksha/Parikshith: [see also Vedas] Vishnurâta [Parîkchit as being Vishnu-sent]. Pariksha means the quest. Little Parikshith was always looking in the face of people for something, a familiar trait or Krishna. Therefore he was called Pariksha-shith: 'he who is engaged in Pariksha' (BV-3);
    Parikshith/pariksha: finding out.
    (BV-17)
  • Parinirvana: Liberation (SSS-IV)
  • Parnasala: 'thatch', straw hut of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana (RRV-17b).
  • Paropakara: service (SSS-IV)
  • "Paropakaraha Punyaya, Papaya Parapedanam": To do good to others is merit. To hurt and cause suffering to others is sin. (Discourses)
  • Partha: "Son of Earth (Prithvee)"; also another name for Arjuna.
  • Parvathi: Wife of Lord Shiva (RRV-6b) (RRV-7c)
  • Passions, six: The six passions are those pertaining to words, the mind, anger, the tongue, the stomach and the genitals. [see also: six faults]
  • Pasupathi: The Lord of all Jivas, Pasu meaning Jiva; Govinda means the Guardian of Cows or Jivas, "Go" meaning Jiva (DV).
  • Pat(h)ala: One of the 7 regions under the earth; the abode of Naga's or serpents and demons. [sometimes used as a general name  for the lower regions or hells] (See also SB, Canto 5: Chapter 24)  (RRV2-9
  • Patala(homa): Homa: "fire-offering". A sacred ceremony in which the Gods are offered oblations through the medium of fire in a sanctified fire pit (RRV-10)
  • Patanjali: a great authority of the astanga-yoga-system and author of the yoga-sûtras
  • Patasalas: Institutions of higher learning and hospitals (SSS-III)
  • Pativrata: (chaste woman) is one who considers her Pati (husband) as her very life and depends entirely on him. A Pativrata is one who does not talk back to her husband. There will not be even a little defect in her. She does not have any selfish desires. All that she does is for the sake of her husband. She would not even look at any male other than her husband. Only such a woman can be called a true Pativrata. A Pativrata who strictly obeys the command of her husband can do anything. If she prepares food for her husband with saline water of the ocean, it will be changed into sweet water. When the wife obeys the command of her husband and the husband fulfils the desires of his wife, then the future of the family will be safe and secure. (Source: Convocation Discourse by Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba at Prasanthi Nilayam on 22-11-2010)
  • Payasam: A mixture of rice pudding, milk and sugar.
  • peacockfeather Krishna: Lord Sri Krishna used to wear a necklace of green beads; a nose ring of pearl, and in His right ear, a ring of pearls. He wore no shirt or coat; just yellow silk round His waist and a kerchief wound around the head, or rather thrown carelessly round the head, one end this way and another end that way. Bhagavan showed, the way, Krishna used to tie the turban)!The peacock feather that is described by poets and sages was not always worn. It was stuck into the turban occasionally. Of course, peacocks abounded in Brindavana then, and are in plenty even today. On His bare chest, there was a mole that could be clearly seen, an inevitable mark of all Avatars, including Sai's. - Extract from the Book, SRI SATHYA SAI ANANDADAAYI.
  • Peddavenkappa Raju: Earthly father of Sathya Sai Baba (Sathyanarayana) (SSS-II)
  • Peetha: Base (SSS-IV)
  • Pipal: Tree, considered sacred both to Hindus and Buddhists. It is also known as Bodhi tree because Lord Buddha attained enlightenment under this tree. It's a very big tree which has roots, which rise from the ground and then come back to the ground and appear to be additional trunks.
  • Pradarsan: exhibition (SSS-III)
  • Pralâdha: Son of the demon king Hiranyakashipu. As a boy, he was beaten, trampled, and cast into fire and water. But, he saw only God everywhere, and repetition of the Name saved him. Once, Pralâdha asserted that God was everywhere, and Narayana appeared in his man-lion-form (Lord Nrsimhadeva) from within a pillar to destroy the king. (SB: 7:8),  (BG: 10, verse 30)
  • Pravriththi maarga: Path of attachment.
  • Prayag:  Holy place at the meeting point of Ganga, Yamuna, and the underground Sarasvathi rivers. Modern Allahabad in the State of Utthar Pradesh. Bathing here would give great spiritual blessing.
  • Payasam: offered (sacred)  food (RRV-3), (RRV-4).
  • Pithr devo bhava: Treat the father as God. (RRV-5)
  • Poorna-ahuthi: Valedictory Oblation. (BV-6)
  • Poshana: Fostering, Guarding, Preservation from Harm, one of the ten characteristics of the Purana's. (BV-34)
  • Pournima Day: Day dedicated to the worship of the Spiritual preceptor (SSS-II)
  • Prahlâda: 'The joy of understanding', son of the asura ruler Hiranyakasipu but protected and saved by the Lord; pupil of Nârada (see also BG : 10-30]
  • Pra-kanthi: higher illumination (SSS-III)
  • Prakrthi: Nature. (RRV-5) (RRV2-1), Eternal Feminine (RRV2-1)
  • Prakrithi-Purusha: Creation and the Creator, Patent and Latent. (SSS-II)
  • Pralaya: The Great Dissolution (BV-10), (BV-36).
  • Prana: Lifebreath, the vital air.
  • Pranâva (Omkâra): Recitation of Vedic hymns (BV-28). The sound of God, identity of Krishna being the transcendental sound AUM (OM), the primal mantra
  • Prapancha: The Maya known as Vidya has created the Cosmos, under the prompting of the Lord. For, she has no innate force of her own. Only while in the Presence of the Lord can she create the three-stranded Cosmos  (RRV2-2).
  • Prarthana: Prayer
  • Prasad(am): Satvic food, flowers, etc., offered to God. All the food one is eating should be first offered to God; mercy, gift (SSS). Each proof of mercy of the Lord.
  • Prasanthi Nilayam: "Abode of eternal Peace"; the name of Baba's Asram (SSS-I) "Unshaken Peace" (SSS-II)
  • Pratyaksha Deva Darsana: the Darsan of God in concrete Form (SSS-III)
  • Pravritti: Wordly activity (Sai-Discourses).
  • Prema: Love. (BV-1), (BV-35), (GV).
  • Prema Putras: Children fostered with (His) love (SSS-IV)
  • Premaswarupa: Embodiment of pure Love.
  • Premaswarupulara: 'Embodiments of Love' (SSS-II)
  • Prithvi: The Earth (BV-36).
  • Puja: Ritual worship, honoring the Lord, ritual ceremony (SSS-II)
  • Pulasthya: Son of Brahma, father of Vishravas, and grandfather of Ravana.
  • Pumsavana vow: See for the description Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 6, chapters 18 and 19.
  • Punar mûshiko bhava: "Again Become a Mouse." To this Prabhupâda comments: 'There is an instructive story called punar mûshiko bhava, "Again Become a Mouse." A mouse was very much harassed by a cat, and therefore the mouse approached a saintly person to request to become a cat. When the mouse became a cat, he was harassed by a dog, and then when he became a dog, he was harassed by a tiger. But when he became a tiger, he stared at the saintly person, and when the saintly person asked him, "What do you want?" the tiger said, "I want to eat you." Then the saintly person cursed him, saying, "May you again become a mouse".' (SB 10:10-13)
  • Punya and Papa: merit and demerit (BV-10), (Punya) merit acquired by means of good activity, (Papa) demerit acquired by means of evil activity (BV-42), (BV).
  • Punya Theertham: This beautiful picture was kept in a prominent place in the left side, facing the stage in the Athi Rudra Maha Yagna Shala at Chennai on 19-30 January 2007, India. Lord Shiva is shown in the place of the Himalayas of an Indian Map. Below there are several "Punya Nadhies" (sacred rivers). Punya Theertha from various Punya Nadhies have been specially brought for this Great Yagna. The individual vessels "Kumbhams, containing each "Theertha" (sacred water) are placed exactly  on the location of each sacred river. On the last day of the yagna, Poorna Ahuthi will be offered at Sacred Homa Kundas. After that there will be Kumbhabhishekam to  the "Shiva Linga". Kumbha Abhishekam is done with the water kept in various Kalasas near the Homa Kundams, and then the sacred water from various Punya Nadhies (sacred rivers) will be offered to the Shiva Linga as a culmination of the Yagna.
  • Purânas: Legends, belonging to ancient times, for example Srîmad Bhâgavatam (BV-33) (RRV-7c
  • Purana Purusha: The Primal Person. (BV-33)
  • Purandara: Indra the monarch of the gods. (BV-31) 
  • Purna (poorna): Complete full
  • Purusha: Eternal Masculine (RRV2-1)
  • Purushartha's: The four ends of human life, Righteousness, Prosperity, Affection and Liberation (RRV-7a).
  • Purushottama: The Lord of all. (BV-3)
  • Pushkara: Second son of Bharatha (RRV2-14)
  • Pushpaka:  An aerial chariot (RRV2-10) Kubera's chariot, used by Rama to go home (RRV2-11)
  • Puthana: the ogress that approached Krishna as a Mother to feed Him at her breast. (BV-35)
  • Puthrakameshti: The Yaga prescribed for those desirous of begetting a son. (RRV-3)
  • Putra: Son 
  • Puttaparthi: Name of the village in South-India where Sathya Sai Baba was born.