Chapter 2:
(2.1-2.38) The Yoga of Analytic Knowledge:
On the knowledge of the soul.

(2.39-2.72) The Yoga of Analytic Knowledge:
On the results of labor.

Shlokas 1, 11, 20 to 25, 27, 47 to 52, 62 & 63 and 66 to 68.

 

 MP3

shloka 1

sanjaya uvâca
tam tathâ krpayâvistam
asru-pûrnâkuleksanam
visîdantam idam vâkyam
uvâca madhusûdanah

Sanjaya said: "Unto him [Arjuna], who was thus overwhelmed by compassion, having his eyes full of tears and lamenting, Madhusûdana [Krishna as the killer of Madhu] spoke the following words:

shloka 11

srî-bhagavân uvâca
asocyân anvasocas tvam
prajnâ-vâdâms ca bhâsase
gatâsûn agatâsûms ca
nânusocanti panditâh

The Supreme Lord said:'You are lamenting about what is not worth the lamenting and you speak learned words as well - whether lives are lost or not, the wise never lament.

shloka 20

na jâyate mriyate vâ kadâcin
nâyam bhûtvâ bhavitâ vâ na bhûyah
ajo nityah sâsvato 'yam purâno
na hanyate hanyamâne sarîre

It is never born, nor does it ever die; never it came into existence nor will it cease to be - it will not take rebirth, it is unborn, eternal and permanent; it is the oldest and is never killed when the body is killed.

shloka 21

vedâvinâsinam nityam
ya enam ajam avyayam
katham sa purusah pârtha
kam ghâtayati hanti kam

One who knows that this [soul] is the indestructible, always existing, which is unborn and immutable - how can that person, o Pârtha, be the cause of killing or be killed?

shloka 22

vâsâmsi jîrnâni yathâ vihâya
navâni grhnâti naro 'parâni
tathâ sarîrâni vihâya jîrnâny
anyâni samyâti navâni dehî

Just like giving up worn out garments and accepting new ones, does the embodied [soul] the same way give up old bodies and verily accept different new ones.

shloka 23

nainam chindanti sastrâni
nainam dahati pâvakah
na cainam kledayanty âpo
na sosayati mârutah

Never can this soul be cut to pieces, be burnt by fire; nor can it drown in water or wither in the wind.

shloka 24

acchedyo 'yam adâhyo 'yam
akledyo 'sosya eva ca
nityah sarva-gatah sthânur
acalo 'yam sanâtanah

This unbreakable soul that cannot be burned, dissolve in water or dry up, is surely everlasting, all-pervading, unchangeable, unmovable and primordial.

shloka 25

avyakto 'yam acintyo 'yam
avikâryo 'yam ucyate
tasmâd evam viditvainam
nânusocitum arhasi

As one speaks like this of it as being invisible, inconceivable and stable, you should know very well that this soul never deserves lamentation.

shloka 27

jâtasya hi dhruvo mrtyur
dhruvam janma mrtasya ca
tasmâd aparihârye'rthe
na tvam socitum arhasi

Death is a certain fact for the one who is born and also is birth certain for the ones who died; they are matters unavoidable that therefore do not deserve your lamentation.

shloka 47

karmany evâdhikâras te
mâ phalesu kadâcana
mâ karma-phala-hetur bhûr
mâ te sango 'stv akarmani

You certainly have the right to do your duty but not the claim over the fruits whenever; never see yourself as the cause of the results as you should never let attachment accompany a religious duty.

shloka 48

yoga-sthah kuru karmâni
sangam, tyaktvâ dhananjaya
siddhy-asiddhyoh samo bhûtvâ
samatvam yoga ucyate

Do your work staying connected thus in giving up that association O Dhananjaya [Arjuna as the one conquering the wealth] and stay balanced in success and failure as the realization of this equanimity is what is called yoga.

shloka 49

dûrena hy avaram karma
buddhi-yogâd dhananjaya
buddhau saranam anviccha
krpanâh phala-hetavah

Keep your self for sure far away from abominable acts with that intelligence of yoga, Dhanajana, in the full surrender of such consciousness - as it are the misers who try for the sake of the result.

shloka 50

buddhi-yukto jahâtîha
ubhe sukrta-duskrte
tasmâd yogâya yujyasva
yogah karmasu kausalam

One aligned in this intelligence can in this life get rid of both good and bad results, therefore, for the sake of yoga, engage being connected; that is the art in all activities.

shloka 51

karma-jam buddhi-yuktâ hi
phalam tyaktvâ manîsinah
janma-bandha-vinirmuktâh
padam gacchanty anâmayam

Being immersed in working for this, aligned in the intelligence of giving up the results, liberated the great sages and devotees from the bondage of birth and death as they reached a position of being free from miseries.

shloka 52

yadâ te moha-kalilam
buddhir vyatitarisyati
tadâ gantâsi nirvedam
srotavyasya srutasya ca

When your intelligence surpasses the confusion of illusion, at that time you shall be indifferent about all this you are about to hear and have already heard of.

shloka 62

dhyâyato visayân pumsah
sangas tesûpajâyate
sangât sanjâyate kâmah
kâmât krodho 'bhijâyate

Facing sense-objects a person develops attachment.for those objects. From that attachment desire develops and from that desire anger [the drift of passion] arises.

shloka 63

krodhâd bhavati sammohah
sammohât smrti-vibhramah
smrti-bhramsâd buddhi-nâso
buddhi-nâsât pranasyati

From anger [losing one's order] one gets illusioned and from illusion the memory gets bewildered. With the memory disturbed one loses one's intelligence and from that loss of intelligence one falls down.

shloka 66

nâsti buddhir ayuktasya
na câyuktasya bhâvanâ
na câbhâvayatah sântir
asântasya kutah sukham

There can't be intelligence if one is not aligned to this and without that connectedness one will not be steady in ones respect; missing that peace how can one of such discontent be happy?

shloka 67

indriyânâm hi caratâm
yan mano 'nuvidhîyate
tad asya harati prajnâm
vâyur nâvam ivâmbhasi

The mind by roaming with the senses surely becomes preoccupied [with the material interest] as the intelligence is taken away the way the wind takes a boat away on the water.

shloka 68

tasmâd yasya mahâ-bâho
nigrhîtâni sarvasah
indriyânîndriyârthebhyas
tasya prajnâ pratisthitâ

Therefore, o mighty armed, one who tied his senses down from their objects is of steady intelligence.

 

           

CONTENTS
 
 
 

      

 

 

Chapter 2:
(2.1-2.38) The Yoga of Analytic Knowledge:
On the knowledge of the soul.

(2.39-2.72) The Yoga of Analytic Knowledge:
On the results of labor.

Verses 1, 11, 20 to 25, 27, 47 to 52, 62 & 63 and 66 to 68.

Text 1

Sanjaya said: "Unto him [Arjuna], who was thus overwhelmed by compassion, having his eyes full of tears and lamenting, Madhusûdana [Krishna as the killer of Madhu] spoke the following words:

Text 11

The Supreme Lord said:'You are lamenting about what is not worth the lamenting and you speak learned words as well - whether lives are lost or not, the wise never lament.

Text 20

It is never born, nor does it ever die; never it came into existence nor will it cease to be - it will not take rebirth, it is unborn, eternal and permanent; it is the oldest and is never killed when the body is killed.

Text 21

One who knows that this [soul] is the indestructible, always existing, which is unborn and immutable - how can that person, o Pârtha, be the cause of killing or be killed?

Text 22

Just like giving up worn out garments and accepting new ones, does the embodied [soul] the same way give up old bodies and verily accept different new ones.

Text 23

Never can this soul be cut to pieces, be burnt by fire; nor can it drown in water or wither in the wind.

Text 24

This unbreakable soul that cannot be burned, dissolve in water or dry up, is surely everlasting, all-pervading, unchangeable, unmovable and primordial.

Text 25

As one speaks like this of it as being invisible, inconceivable and stable, you should know very well that this soul never deserves lamentation.

Text 27

Death is a certain fact for the one who is born and also is birth certain for the ones who died; they are matters unavoidable that therefore do not deserve your lamentation.

Text 47

You certainly have the right to do your duty but not the claim over the fruits whenever; never see yourself as the cause of the results as you should never let attachment accompany a religious duty.

Text 48

Do your work staying connected thus in giving up that association O Dhananjaya [Arjuna as the one conquering the wealth] and stay balanced in success and failure as the realization of this equanimity is what is called yoga.

Text 49

Keep your self for sure far away from abominable acts with that intelligence of yoga, Dhanajana, in the full surrender of such consciousness - as it are the misers who try for the sake of the result.

Text 50

One aligned in this intelligence can in this life get rid of both good and bad results, therefore, for the sake of yoga, engage being connected; that is the art in all activities.

Text 51

Being immersed in working for this, aligned in the intelligence of giving up the results, liberated the great sages and devotees from the bondage of birth and death as they reached a position of being free from miseries.

Text 52

When your intelligence surpasses the confusion of illusion, at that time you shall be indifferent about all this you are about to hear and have already heard of.

Text 62

Facing sense-objects a person develops attachment.for those objects. From that attachment desire develops and from that desire anger [the drift of passion] arises.

Text 63

From anger [losing one's order] one gets illusioned and from illusion the memory gets bewildered. With the memory disturbed one loses one's intelligence and from that loss of intelligence one falls down.

Text 66

There can't be intelligence if one is not aligned to this and without that connectedness one will not be steady in ones respect; missing that peace how can one of such discontent be happy?

Text 67

The mind by roaming with the senses surely becomes preoccupied [with the material interest] as the intelligence is taken away the way the wind takes a boat away on the water.

Text 68

Therefore, o mighty armed, one who tied his senses down from their objects is of steady intelligence.

Complete version of this chapter (2a) in Sanskrit, word-for-word and translation

Complete version of this chapter (2b) in Sanskrit, word-for-word and translation

 

     

CONTENTS    

 

 

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