Charan Saroj Raj
Nij mane mukure sudhar
Varnao Raghuvar Vimal Jasu
Jo dayaku phal char
Having cleansed the
mirror of my mind with the dust of the lotus feet of Sri
Gurudev, I now proceed to describe the untarnished glory
of Sri Ram which bestows four fruit (Dharma, Artha, Kama
Sumirau Pavan Kumar
Bal budhi Vidya dehu mohe
Harahu Kalesa Vikar
inadequacy of my intellect, I meditate upon you Hanumanji
(son of the wind-god Vayu); grant me strength,
intelligence and true knowledge, and remove all my
hardship and blemishes.
Hanuman gyan gun sagar
Jai Kapis tihun lok ujagar
Victory to You O!
Hanumanji, ocean of wisdom and virtue. Victory to You O!
Hanumanji, enlightener of the three
atulit bal dhama
Anjani-putra Pavan sut nama
You are the messenger
of Sri Rama, abode of immeasurable strength, and son of
Anjani, known as Pavansuta.
Kumati nivar sumati Ke sangi
You are a great hero of
exceptional valour with a body as strong as a
thunderbolt. You are the dispeller of wicked thoughts and
a companion of good thoughts and wisdom.
varan viraj subesa
Kanan Kundal Kunchit Kesa
You are golden color
and wear fine clothes. You wear shining earrings and have
beautiful curly hair.
Aur Dhuvaje Viraje
Kandhe moonj janehu sajai
You have the
thunderbolt and flag in hand, whilst the sacred thread
across your shoulder is made of sacred
suvan kesri Nandan
Tej pratap maha jag vandan
You are the incarnation
of Lord Shiva and son of Kesari. With the lustre of your
vast sway, you are propitiated all over the
guni ati chatur
Ram kaj karibe ko aatur
You are learned,
virtuous and extremely intelligent and you are always
eager to do the work of Sri Rama.
charitra sunibe ko rasiya
Ram Lakhan Sita man Basiya
You delight in
listening to the glories of the Lord and you have Rama,
Lakshmana, and Sita residing in your
roop dhari Siyahi dikhava
Vikat roop dhari lanka jarava
You assumed a subtle
form when you revealed yourself to Sita; and by assuming
an awesome form you burnt the whole city of
dhari asur sanghare
Ramachandra ke kaj sanvare
Then you assumed a
gigantic form and destroyed the demons, thereby
accomplishing the mission of Lord Rama.
Sanjivan Lakhan Jiyaye
Shri Raghuvir Harashi ur laye
When you brought the
life-giving medicinal herb (sanjivini) and revived
Lakshmana, Sri Ram embraced you
Kinhi bahut badai
Tum mam priye Bharat-hi sam bhai
Sri Rama extolled you
greatly and declared you to be as dear to Him as His
badan tumharo yash gaave
Us kahi Shripati kanth lagaave
Taking you into His
embrace, Sri Rama stated that even Sesanaga (the thousand
headed serpent) sings praises of your
Narad Sarad sahit Aheesa
The sages Sanak,
Sanatana, Sanandana, and Sanat Kumar, Brahmâ and
other Gods, Lord Shiva, Nârada, Sarasvathi and
Digpal Jahan te
Kavi kovid kahi sake kahan te
The God of death
the God of wealth (Kubera),
the guardian deities (Digpals) (: deputies guarding the
four corners of the Universe), poets and scholars have
all failed to adequately describe your
Ram milaye rajpad deenha
Tumharo mantra Vibheeshan mana
Lankeshwar Bhaye Sub jag jana
You rendered an
invaluable service to Sugriva by introducing him to Sri
Rama and restoring him to the throne. The whole
world knows that Vibhishana heeded your advice and became
the lord of Lanka.
sahastra jojan par Bhanu
Yug sahastra jojan par Bhanu
You swallowed the sun
from a distance of sixteen thousand miles, considering it
to be a sweet fruit.
mudrika meli mukh mahee
Jaladhi langhi gaye achraj nahee
Carrying the Lord's
ring in your mouth, you crossed the ocean, there is no
wonder in that.
kaj jagat ke jete
Sugam anugraha tumhre tete
All the difficult tasks
of the world are rendered easily possible by your
Hoat na agya binu paisare
You are the gate-keeper
of Sri Rama's kingdom, where none may enter without your
lahai tumhari sarna
Tum rakshak kahu ko dar na
He who seeks refuge in
you enjoys happiness. What is there to be afraid of if
you are the protector?
Teenhon lok hank te kanpai
You alone are able to
control your energy; all three worlds tremble before
pisach Nikat nahin aavai
Mahavir jab naam sunavai
No evil spirits dare
approach one who utters your name as Mahavir (great
harai sab peera
Japat nirantar Hanumant beera
All diseases are
destroyed and pains vanish when your powerful name is
Man Karam Vachan dyan jo lavai
Hanumanji frees from
difficulties all those who contemplate upon him in
thought, word and deed.
Ram tapasvee raja
Tin ke kaj sakal Tum saja
You fulfilled all the
missions of that Lord Rama who fulfills the divine
desires of the devotees engaged in
manorath jo koi lavai
Sohi amit jeevan phal pavai
And together with any
other desires any devotee may have, they will ultimately
secure the imperishable fruit.
Hai persidh jagat ujiyara
Your glory prevails
throughout the four ages (Satya Yuga,
Treta Yuga, Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga); and your fame
radiates throughout the world.
ke tum Rakhware
Asur nikandan Ram dulhare
You are the protector
of the holy saints and sages, and, beloved of Rama, you
destroy the demons (all evil forces).
sidhi nav nidhi ke dhata
Us var deen Janki mata
Mother Sita granted you
the boon that you will be the bestower of the eight
supernatural powers ( Siddhis: power to become light and
heavy at will) and the nine forms of wealth (Nidhis:
riches, comfort, power, prestige, fame, sweet
rasayan tumhare pasa
Sada raho Raghupati ke dasa
The essence of devotion
to Sri Rama is with you; may you always be the servant of
bhajan Ram ko pavai
Janam janam ke dukh bisravai
Through devotion to you
one obtains Sri Rama and the sorrows of life after life
Raghuvir pur jayee
Jahan janam Hari-Bakht Kahayee
At the end of a
lifespan of such devotion one goes to the abode of Sri
Rama and is there known as a devotee of the
Chit na dharehi
Hanumanth se hi sarve sukh
All happiness is
granted even to that devotee who worships no other deity
apart from Hanumanji.
kate mite sab peera
Jo sumirai Hanumat Balbeera
All difficulties and
pains are removed for those who contemplate on the all
Jai Hanuman Gosahin
Kripa Karahu Gurudev ki nyahin
victory to you O Hanumanji; as our supreme Guru, give us
Jo sat bar
path kare kohi
Chutehi bandhi maha sukh hohi
He who recites this
Chaalisa a hundred times is sure to be freed from worldly
bondage and enjoy great happiness.
padhe Hanuman Chalisa
Hoye siddhi sakhi Gaureesa
He who reads Hanuman
Chaalisa will become perfect, as Lord Shiva is the
sada hari chera
Keejai Das Hrdaye mein dera
Tulasidas always the
servant of the Lord prays that the Lord takes residence
in his heart.
Mangal murti roop.
Ram Lakhan Sita sahit,
Hrdaye basahu sur bhoop.
May Hanumanji, who
removes difficulties, who has an auspicious form and is
king of the Gods, dwell in my heart along with Sri Ram,
Lakshmana and Sita.
Chalisa Mantra (12 min.)
to Chapter 12a.
Reading on Hanuman
In the Assembly of Lord
Indra, the Lord of Gods, amongst a number of beautiful
nymphs, one was named Punjiksthala. She was very restive
and intemperate by nature. Once she disturbed a sage in
his meditation. The sage got annoyed and cursed her, "You
have done an evil deed and because of this act, you shall
be born in the form of a she-monkey in your next
shocked. She fell at the feet of the sage and cried, "0
sage! I beg your pardon. I have not offended you
knowingly. I did not mean to disturb your meditation, or
to insult you. Please show pity on me and take back the
curse." The sage cooled down at the entreaties of
Punjiksthala and taking pity on her, he said, "Alright!
The curse cannot be undone. I can only reduce it to the
extent that you shall be able to change your form to a
human being at your will."
In due course of time,
Punjiksthala was born to Kunjar who was one of the chiefs
of monkeys. She was named Anjana. Anjana was very
beautiful as she had been in her earlier birth. When she
grew up, she was married to another monkey-chief called
Kesari. He was very strong and brave.
When many years had
passed, Kesari and Anjana got worried because no child
had been born to them. At last they prayed to Shiva. They
performed very hard penance. Shiva was pleased. He said,
"You shall get a son who will he invincible. But for
this, you have to seek the blessings of God Vayu, the
Lord of Air.
Then Anjana started
worshipping God Vayu. When the god was pleased, he
appeared before her and said, "I am happy with your faith
in me. Your wish will be granted. I, myself, shall be
born to you. Thus your desire will be fulfilled." Kesari
and Anjana were delighted that their wish was to be
fulfilled and were going to get a son.
It is mentioned in many
religious books that when he was born, he was wearing
golden earrings. He had a cap on his head, which was
decorated with rare jewels. Holy thread, Yagyopawit, was
around his neck. The color of his body, eyes and hair was
golden yellow and a mace in one of his hands. He is also
called the eleventh incarnation of Lord
Now, here is given the
legend which relates how he came to be named 'Lord
Hanuman': Once, while the son of Anjana was an infant, he
was put in a cradle. She went out of the house on some
errand. The child probably felt hungry or saw the sun in
the sky and considered that to be a toy. He began to jump
and leap up to get the sun. He, being the son of god
Vayu, had immense energy. He leapt up and started flying
into the sky. The god Vayu saw it and accompanied his son
to protect him from the heat of the sun. He turned the
hot air into a cool breeze.
Rahu, a demigod, was
also heading towards the sun to eclipse him as that was a
day of Amavasya. He saw the child going in the direction
of the sun but did not think of him. When the son of the
Vayu found Rahu within his reach, he pounced upon Rahu
and grasped him in one of his hands.
Rahu was non-plussed.
He did not know what to do. He was merely dumbfounded.
Having caught Rahu by the hair and head, Hanuman
stood there fearlessly for some time. He stood
cross-legged with the tip of his mace resting on the
earth. Rahu exerted his full might to free himself from
The grip was very
strong. With great difficulty, he freed himself and ran
to Lord Indra, the king of gods, for rescue. He said, "0
Lord of gods. As commanded by you, when today I was going
to eclipse the sun, another Rahu rushed to eat me up. It
cannot be without you permission or order. Why have you
put me in such a distress?"
Lord Indra was
non-plussed at what Rahu had said, "Who has the courage
to eclipse the sun or eat Rahu ?" He rode his divine
elephant Airavat and rushed towards that child. Lord
Indra was frightened and shaken to find the child ready
to attack him. He threw Vajra, Lord Indra's heavenly
weapon, bolt. The bolt did not do the child much harm. He
was injured and a bone of his chin was broken. This is
how he came to be called "Lord Hanuman".
Due to injury to his
chin, Hanuman fell unconscious on the ground. His father,
the god Vayu, took him to a cave and was greatly grieved.
This resulted in the stoppage of air in the atmosphere.
No living being could breathe. All the gods, including
Indra, led by Brahmâ, the creator, approached god
Vayu in the cave.
No one can live without
air even for a moment. But as long as the airs blows,
nobody understands the importance of air. The moment it
stops blowing, every creature feels
Vayu lamented and
explained to them what had happened. Brahmâ
caressed Hanuman's body gently. He regained
consciousness. His father's grief and anger subsided. Air
began to blow again. Brahmâ granted Hanuman a boon
that he would never be injured by any weapon. He asked
other gods also to bless Hanuman with divine powers. He
said, "Bless him and he will always help you when none
would stand by you." All the gods granted him boons one
Lord Indra put a
garland of heavenly flowers around Hanuman's neck and
promised that in future Vajra would not affect him. The
Sun god offered to educate him and granted him a portion
of his brilliance. Kuber, the Lord of Yakshas,
presented him with his mace. Shiva also granted him
protection from his divine weapons. Brahma made him
invincible and gave the power to change his form and
size. He could go anywhere. Power to perform miracles too
was bestowed upon him.
adversity in his childhood became a blessing in disguise
for him. He was armed with all the subtle and divine
powers, which made him unique and
Hanuman was a very
restless and naughty boy. Great affection and protection
given to him by the gods, spoilt him. He did not know
what fear is. He played and fought with lions and
elephants. He would never let the strong to bully the
weak. He roamed about the hermitages of the sages and
disturbed them in their meditation. He threw away their
utensils and hung their seating mattresses or the high
branches of trees. They complained to his parents who
could not keep him under control.
At last a sage, in a
fit of anger, cursed Hanuman, "0 brave one! You are
misusing your strength. As no other way is left, you
shall not know the limit of your vigor and strength.
Whenever needed you shall have to be invoked to do so.
This is in the interest of yourself as well as others."
Only God knows whether it was a curse or a boon. Hanuman
was now very sober. Instead of teasing others, he began
to help the sages in their daily chores. His parents and
the hermits were very happy with him.
He had grown enough to
begin his education. So his parents asked him to go to
the sun god to get his education.
His mother Anjana
reminded him that he had as a child leapt into the sky to
catch the sun. As soon as he was made to recall, he
jumped high in the sky and flew away towards the sun.
There he presented his salutations and said, "0 Master!
my name is Lord Hanuman. I am Anjana's son. As directed
by her, I submit myself to you to grant me all the
knowledge I should possess."
The sun god taught him
Vedas, Holy Scriptures and other disciplines. Having
learnt and absorbed all the teachings of his teacher,
Hanuman prostrated before him and said, "My venerable
teacher! By the grace of your blessings, I know the path
of righteousness and duties meant for me. Now, what
should I offer you in return what you deserve and
The Sun god replied,
"Do one thing. Always take care of and protect Sugriva
the younger brother of Bali, the monkey-king. He is born
out of a portion of myself.
I foresee that very
soon he is going to fall on very bad days and would need
your help." Hanuman promised never to forget it and
returned to his parents. His father advised him to go to
Pampapur. This place was known as a center of learning
and training in politics. There he came in contact with
Sugriva. They became very intimate
After the death of
Bali, Sugriva became the king of Kishkindha. Bali and
Sugriva were brothers. They loved each other very much.
In the course of time, it so happened that they became
archenemies. Here is the story:
Bali was very strong
and brave. His younger brother Sugriva treated him as his
father. Bali was so powerful and valiant that demons,
living near Kishkindha, never dared to enter his kingdom.
Once a demon thought himself stronger than anyone. He
came near Bali's palace and shouted, "0 monkey-king! Why
are you hiding yourself? If you have the courage to face
me, come out and fight with me. I shall teach you what
bravery is." Bali was annoyed at the way he was
challenged by a demon. He came out of his palace to
punish him for his insolence. Sugriva followed his
He wished to help his
elder brother Bali. It was the dead of night. Sugriva
knew that the power of a demon increased at night. So he
might come to the rescue of his elder brother in the hour
of dire deed.
As soon as the demon
saw Bali, he came to his senses. He fled in fear. But
Bali had made up his mind to kill him. To save himself
from Bali's wrath, the demon entered into an aperture he
found in the grounds. Bali saw him doing so. He said to
Sugriva, "I am going into this hole to chase the demon.
Wait for me here. I shall be back after killing him. It
may take some time. So, do not worry."
Saying this, Bali went
inside the hole. As asked by his brother, Sugriva kept
waiting for him for many days. When many weeks passed but
Bali did not turn up, Sugriva was worried. He thought
Bali had been killed by the demon. He put a rock at the
mouth of the aperture so that the demon could not come
out. He returned to Kishkindha dejected. When the
ministers of Kishkindha saw Sugriva badly shaken and
crest-fallen, they understood what had happened. They
made Sugriva the king because Bali's son Angad was too
young to rule the state. After sometime, Bali reappeared
at Kishkindha after slaying the demon. When he found
Sugriva was the king, shocked and agitated he came to the
conclusion that his brother had deliberately put the rock
to close the way out of the tunnel under the ground to
cause his death.
Bali was in great rage.
He said, "Sugriva, you are not my brother, rather an
enemy. You rascal! You wished me to be dead to become the
king yourself. I shall punish you and not let you live
Sugriva tried his best
to explain and request his brother to calm down, as never
had such an idea. Bali did not listen to him. Sugriva was
pained at Bali's behavior that he loved and respected
very much. Bali turned him out of his kingdom and
detained his wife as a punishment to Sugriva. He even
rushed towards him to kill him. Sugriva knew well how
strong Bali was. He ran away. Hanuman accompanied him.
After having run for long, Sugriva and Lord Hanuman
entered the hermitage of sage Matanga. Bali had to stop
there, as he could not enter that place. Bali had been
cursed once by the sage for some disrespect, shown by
Bali to him, that he would die the moment he touched the
inside of his hermitage. Sage Matanga lived at the
Rishyamuk mountain. In this abode of that sage, Sugriva
was safe. Though he was passing through a very bad
period, yet he had the good luck of Hanuman's
friendship. Hanuman was a great help to him in
organizing a small group of well-wishers.
to Chapter 12a.
For the continuing
story, see Chapter
4a: An Ally accepted,
in this Vahini.
of this Vahini