Banyan-tree
'
The Supreme Lord said:
'Anyone who knows that the Asvattha is said to be an imperishable [banyan-]tree that has its roots upwards,
its branches downwards and of which the leaves are the vedic hymns, knows the Veda's. '

 

 

 
Chapter 15:
The Yoga of  the Supreme Person:
About the realization of the characteristics, virtue and glory of God.

Shlokas 1 to 6 & 15 to 20.

 

 MP3

 

shloka 1

srî bhagavân uvâca
ûrdhva-mûlam adhah-sâkham
asvattham prâhur avyayam
chandâmsi yasya parnâni
yas tam veda sa veda-vit

The Supreme Lord said: 'Anyone who knows that the asvattha is said to be an imperishable [banyan-]tree that has its roots upwards, its branches downwards and of which the leaves are the vedic hymns, knows the Vedas.

shloka 2

adhas cordhvam prasrtâs tasya sâkhâ
guna-pravrddhâ visaya-pravâlâh
adhas ca mûlâny anusantatâni
karmânubandhîni manusya-loke

Extending downward and upward, its branches by the modes of nature downwards developed twigs as the senseobjects and to the extending roots [upwards] the karma that binds one to the human world.

shloka 3-4

na rûpam asyeha tathopalabhyate
nânto na câdir na ca sampratisthâ
asvattham enam suvirûdha-mûlam
asanga-sastrena drdhena chittvâ

 tatah padam tat parimârgitavyam
yasmin gatâ na nivartanti bhûyah
tam eva câdyam purusam prapadye
yatah pravrttih prasrtâ purânî

The form of this tree which is without a beginning or end cannot be perceived in this world nor can one see how it is maintained; this strongly rooted Banyan must be cut by the weapon of detachment. After doing so one has to find out about that place for which one is going and from where one never returns and then surrender to Him, the Primordial Original Person, from whom everything extended since time immemorial.

shloka 5

nirmâna-mohâ jita-sanga-dosâ
adhyâtma-nityâ vinivrtta-kâmâh
dvandvair vimuktâh sukha-duhkha-samjnair
gacchanty amûdhâh padam avyayam tat

Without pride and its illusion, having overcome bad association, understanding the eternal, dissociated from the lust and liberated from identifying with the dualities of happiness and distress, one unbewildered attains that everlasting refuge.

shloka 6

na tad bhâsayate sûryo
na sasânko na pâvakah
yad gatvâ na nivartante
tad dhâma paramam mama

Going to that place which is not lit by the sun or the moon, nor by fire, one never returns; that abode is the Supreme of Mine.

shloka 15

sarvasya câham hrdi sannivisto
mattah smrtir jnânam apohanam ca
vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyo
vedânta-krd veda-vid eva câham

Residing in the heart of all beings they have from Me remembrance, knowledge and reasoning; I am certainly knowable by the Veda's, I am its author and the one who knows its meaning surely too.

shloka 16

dvâv imau purusau loke
ksaras câksara eva ca
ksarah sarvâni bhûtâni
kûtastho 'ksara ucyate

There are two kinds of being in the world: the perishable and the imperishable state; [of the physical] all the living beings are perishable while of the oneness to the many it is said that one does not perish.

shloka 17

uttamah purusas tv anyah
paramâtmety udâhrtah
yo loka-trayam âvisya
bibharty avyaya îsvarah

The supreme person is but the other soul in the beyond of whom is said that pervading the three worlds He is maintaining [them] as the inexhaustible Lord.

shloka 18

yasmât ksaram atîto 'ham
aksarâd api cottamah
ato 'mi loke vede ca
prathitah purusottamah

Because I am to the fallible transcendental and beyond the fallible the best, therefore am I in the world and in the vedic literature celebrated as the Supreme Personality.

shloka 19

yo mâm evam asammûdho
jânâti purusottamam
sa sarva-vid bhajati mâm
sarva-bhâvena bhârata

Anyone who without a doubt knows Me thus as the Supreme Personality - he ,knowing all, renders devotional service unto Me in all respects, o son of Bharata.

shloka 20

iti guhyatamam sâstram
idam uktam mayânagha
etad buddhvâ buddhimân syât
krta-krtyas ca bhârata

Understanding this most confidential part of the revealed scripture thus disclosed by Me, o sinless one, one becomes intelligent and perfected in ones doing, o son of Bharata.

 

           

CONTENTS
 
 
 

       

 

 

Chapter 15:
The Yoga of the Supreme Person:
About the realization of the characteristics, virtue and glory of God. 

Verses 1 to 6 & 15 to 20.

Text 1

The Supreme Lord said: 'Anyone who knows that the asvattha is said to be an imperishable [banyan-]tree that has its roots upwards, its branches downwards and of which the leaves are the vedic hymns, knows the Vedas.

Text 2

Extending downward and upward, its branches by the modes of nature downwards developed twigs as the senseobjects and to the extending roots [upwards] the karma that binds one to the human world.

Text 3-4

The form of this tree which is without a beginning or end cannot be perceived in this world nor can one see how it is maintained; this strongly rooted Banyan must be cut by the weapon of detachment. After doing so one has to find out about that place for which one is going and from where one never returns and then surrender to Him, the Primordial Original Person, from whom everything extended since time immemorial.

Text 5

Without pride and its illusion, having overcome bad association, understanding the eternal, dissociated from the lust and liberated from identifying with the dualities of happiness and distress, one unbewildered attains that everlasting refuge.

Text 6

Going to that place which is not lit by the sun or the moon, nor by fire, one never returns; that abode is the Supreme of Mine.

Text 15

Residing in the heart of all beings they have from Me remembrance, knowledge and reasoning; I am certainly knowable by the Veda's, I am its author and the one who knows its meaning surely too.

Text 16

There are two kinds of being in the world: the perishable and the imperishable state; [of the physical] all the living beings are perishable while of the oneness to the many it is said that one does not perish.

Text 17

The supreme person is but the other soul in the beyond of whom is said that pervading the three worlds He is maintaining [them] as the inexhaustible Lord.

Text 18

Because I am to the fallible transcendental and beyond the fallible the best, therefore am I in the world and in the vedic literature celebrated as the Supreme Personality.

Text 19

Anyone who without a doubt knows Me thus as the Supreme Personality - he ,knowing all, renders devotional service unto Me in all respects, o son of Bharata.

Text 20

Understanding this most confidential part of the revealed scripture thus disclosed by Me, o sinless one, one becomes intelligent and perfected in ones doing, o son of Bharata.

Complete version of this chapter (15) in Sanskrit, word-for-word and translation

 

     

CONTENTS      

 

 

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