Chapter 14:
The Yoga of  the Three Modes of Nature:
On the inherent qualities of material nature.

Shlokas 5 to 10 & 16 to 20.

 

 MP3

 

shloka 5

sattvam rajas tama iti
gunâh prakrti-sambhavâh
nibadhnanti mahâ-bâho
dehe dehinam avyayam

The modes of goodness (sattva), passion (rajas) and ignorance (tamas) are the qualities produced by material nature which condition, o mighty armed one, this body of the imperishable living being.

shloka 6

tatra sattvam nirmalatvât
prakâsakam anâmayam
sukha-sangena badhnâti
jnâna-sangena cânagha

Of them, is the mode of goodness the purest, it illumines without reactions, and conditions with a sense of happiness the feeling for knowledge, o sinless one.

shloka 7

rajo râgâtmakam viddhi
trsnâ-sanga-samudbhavam
tan nibadhnâti kaunteya
karma-sangena dehinam

Know that the mode of passion is characterized by desires, born from attachment and longing, that bind, o son of Kuntî, the one embodied to the outcome of the deeds in the past. 

shloka 8

tamas tv ajnâna-jam viddhi
mohanam sarva-dehinâm
pramâdâlasya-nidrâbhis
tan nibadhnâti bhârata

The mode of ignorance is the result of lack of knowledge; know it as deluding all embodied beings, binding them to carelessness, indolence and [more than six hours of] sleep, o son of Bharata.

shloka 9

sattvam sukhe sanjayati
rajah karmani bhârata
jnânam âvrtya tu tamah
pramâde sanjayaty uta

The mode of goodness conditions one to happiness, passion binds one to fruitive activities, o son of Bharata, but from the ignorance that covers the knowledge one is bound to errors.

shloka 10

rajas tamas câbhibhûya
sattvam bhavati bhârata
rajah sattvam tamas caiva
tamah sattvam rajas tathâ

Then goodness prevails defeating passion and ignorance, then o son of Bharata, ignorance does so with passion and goodness and then passion overrules goodness as well as the ignorance; this is how the modes of sattva, rajas and tamas are.

shloka 16

karmanah sukrtasyâhuh
sâttvikam nirmalam phalam
rajasas tu phalam duhkham
ajnânam tamasah phalam

Of pious activities in the mode of goodness is said that one is purified, the mode of passion results in misery and stupidity is the result of the mode of ignorance.

shloka 17

sattvât sanjâyate jnânam
rajaso lobha eva ca
pramâda-mohau tamaso
bhavato 'jnânam eva ca

The way from the mode of goodness knowledge develops and greed surely develops from the mode of passion, so do illusion and certainly perplexity develop from the mode of ignorance.

shloka 18

ûrdhvam gacchanti sattva-sthâ
madhye tisthanti râjasâh
jaghanya-guna-vrtti sthâ
adho gacchanti tâmasâh

Those in the mode of goodness rise up, those in passion stay in between while the ones in ignorance whose occupation is of an abominable quality go down.

shloka 19

nânyam gunebhyah kartâram
yadâ drastânupasyati
gunebhyas ca param vetti
mad-bhâvam so 'dhigacchati

When a seer properly sees that the doer is no one other than these three qualities to the modes of nature and knows the beyond, he is promoted to My spiritual nature.

shloka 20

gunân etân atîtya trîn
dehî deha-samudbhavân
janma-mrtyu jarâ-duhkhair
vimukto 'mrtam asnute

Transcending all three qualities the embodied one will enjoy the nectar of being freed from the physical result of the distress of birth, death and old age.'

 

           

CONTENTS
 
 
 

          

 

 

 

Chapter 14:
The Yoga of the Three Modes of Nature:
On the inherent qualities of material nature. 

Verses 5 to 10 & 16 to 20.

Text 5

The modes of goodness (sattva), passion (rajas) and ignorance (tamas) are the qualities produced by material nature which condition, o mighty armed one, this body of the imperishable living being.

Text 6

Of them, is the mode of goodness the purest, it illumines without reactions, and conditions with a sense of happiness the feeling for knowledge, o sinless one.

Text 7

Know that the mode of passion is characterized by desires, born from attachment and longing, that bind, o son of Kuntî, the one embodied to the outcome of the deeds in the past. 

Text 8

The mode of ignorance is the result of lack of knowledge; know it as deluding all embodied beings, binding them to carelessness, indolence and [more than six hours of] sleep, o son of Bharata.

Text 9

The mode of goodness conditions one to happiness, passion binds one to fruitive activities, o son of Bharata, but from the ignorance that covers the knowledge one is bound to errors.

Text 10

Then goodness prevails defeating passion and ignorance, then o son of Bharata, ignorance does so with passion and goodness and then passion overrules goodness as well as the ignorance; this is how the modes of sattva, rajas and tamas are.

Text 16

Of pious activities in the mode of goodness is said that one is purified, the mode of passion results in misery and stupidity is the result of the mode of ignorance.

Text 17

The way from the mode of goodness knowledge develops and greed surely develops from the mode of passion, so do illusion and certainly perplexity develop from the mode of ignorance.

Text 18

Those in the mode of goodness rise up, those in passion stay in between while the ones in ignorance whose occupation is of an abominable quality go down.

Text 19

When a seer properly sees that the doer is no one other than these three qualities to the modes of nature and knows the beyond, he is promoted to My spiritual nature.

Text 20

Transcending all three qualities the embodied one will enjoy the nectar of being freed from the physical result of the distress of birth, death and old age.'

Complete version of this chapter (14) in Sanskrit, word-for-word and translation

 

     

CONTENTS      

 

 

www.vahini.org: | Bhagavatha Vahini | Ramakatha Rasavahini | Other Vahinis | About Sai Baba | Links | Bhajans